Crease to the spine. A little wear to the card covers. Recalled from Paris to a turbulent Ireland in 1922, and with only a short time as a diplomat behind him, Joseph Walshe went on to serve twenty-four years as acting secretary and then secretary of the External Affairs department. His inexperience was echoed by the inexperience of all those who ran departments in the emerging Free State. His first challenge was to establish External Affairs as a strong, independent department despite the general opinion that it was unnecessary. Despite his initial opposition to Fianna Fail, he worked closely with de Valera when his party came to power in 1932.